Kitchen – the most popular place in any home. It is not necessary to talk about how long the average Russian woman spends in the kitchen space. Obviously, this room is the heart of the house, its hearth. That’s only for most of our compatriots the kitchen space becomes a stumbling block in the planning of repairs and, above all, because of its small dimensions. Even in standard flats built last century, the kitchens are small, and even about small dwellings and do not mention it at all. The problem of placing all the necessary elements of the interior for conducting working kitchen processes on a modest area of 5-7 square meters. m is familiar not only to most of us, but also to designers all over the world. Over the years, they have managed to develop many techniques, methods for laying out furniture and arranging household appliances, designed to not easily organize the environment for cooking, storing and absorbing food, but also to create a beautiful, functional, ergonomic and practical design. We bring to your attention 100 ideas for decorating the kitchen space of a small area and we hope that the presented design projects will help you find your unique solutions for the kitchen equipment of your dreams, even on a few square meters.
Preparation for planning repairs in a small kitchen
Before proceeding with the basic planning of repairs in the kitchen, it is necessary to find out what measures can be taken to facilitate the design of a small but multifunctional space:
- it is necessary to clearly represent the final result of the repair, there are no trifles in a small kitchen, absolutely all the elements of the interior need to be listed before starting work – the number of built-in household appliances, the connection of devices to communication systems and the need for their transfer;
- if your kitchen has a normal window, you need to find out whether it can be expanded during the change of double-glazed windows. The more natural light in a small space, the better;
- it is necessary to find out whether it is possible to take some large-sized household appliances outside the kitchen – for example, some owners of standard apartments install a washing machine in the bathroom, others have to install it in the kitchen, many manage to build a refrigerator in the closet in the hallway;
- also, it is important to know in advance whether you need to equip a full-fledged dining area in the kitchen area, or there will be enough small table-tops for short meals (this depends on the number of household members and the possibility of making a dining zone in the living room);
- stylistic execution of the kitchen space must be planned in advance (many types of styles simply can not “settle down” in a small kitchen – classical stylistics will be out of place, but modern variations on the design of small rooms can not be helped).
Methods of actual and visual expansion of space
In order to actually increase the space of the kitchen, it is necessary to connect it with an adjacent room, most often a living room. In some cases, the hosts manage to use the corridor space to increase the area of the kitchen segment. Another way to increase the number of square meters is to join a balcony or a loggia. Obviously, such measures will require preliminary warming and laying the waterproofing of the balcony.
It is possible to achieve only a visual connection of the kitchen with the corridor or hallway, if you remove the door and decorate the adjacent rooms in the same color using identical finishing materials. There will be a sensation of one smoothly flowing space, and not two tiny rooms.
But more often than not, in fact, there is no possibility of changing the small kitchen area. In the arsenal of apartment owners there are only design techniques for visual expansion of the space of the kitchen space, and there are a lot of them:
- the use of light colors for decoration and execution of the furnishing of the premises – snow-white surfaces perfectly reflect light, visually increase the volume of space;
- if the ceiling is made in white, the walls – on the tone-two are darker, and the floors – completely dark, then visually the height of the room will seem bigger than it really is;
- this effect can be achieved by using a light tone for the execution of the upper tier of kitchen cabinets and dark shades for the bottom of the headset;
- glossy surfaces contribute to the visual expansion of the dimensions of the room and the spread of lighting – this can be the facades of the kitchen set, table tops and stretch ceiling;
- if the floor tiles are laid out diagonally, the floor area will appear larger;
- the use of glass table tops for dining tables and furniture made of transparent plastic (acrylic) helps to create an easy image of a small room – interior items seem to dissolve in space.
In small rooms it is better not to use mottled textiles – curtains on the windows, tablecloth on the table. A large picture in a small kitchen will be inappropriate. It is also important to get rid of everything that is superfluous, to use the minimum number of decorative elements. If you need to put a houseplant on the window sill, then let it be the only one, if you need to hang potholders and aprons, then it is better to hide them in the closet. In small rooms, you can create a heap and clutter up very quickly.
Variants of the layout of the kitchen ensemble
From how the kitchen set is located largely depends on the situation of the whole room. The location of storage systems, built-in appliances and work surfaces affects not only the appearance of the kitchen, but also the ergonomics of kitchen processes, the convenience of using the room and even its safety. In a small area, the choice of the right, most successful layout becomes one of the most pressing issues. So, the location of the kitchen ensemble in the room will depend on the following factors:
- by default we accept the fact that all considered variants of spaces have a small area, so the form of the room becomes important;
- the size of the window and doorway, their location relative to adjacent rooms;
- passage of communication systems (not all buildings can be re-planned gas pipes, for example);
number of built-in household appliances;
- the need to arrange a place for food and the number of households for which the area for meals should be designed.
Planning, in which kitchen is located in one line, for a very small kitchen area, which is necessary to place a dining table (console table top – any surface that serves for eating). Also, single-row layout is advisable to use in dwellings of bachelors and married couples without children, who do not need to build a large number of household appliances.
When the kitchen ensemble is placed in one row it is not easy to observe the rule of the “working triangle”, it is necessary to install a refrigerator near the wall perpendicular to the headset. Then all the main working points (vertices of the conditional triangle) will be located ergonomically – a refrigerator, a sink and a hob (hob).
Often, single-row breading is accompanied by the installation of an island or peninsula. In the conditions of saving the useful space of a small kitchen, the peninsula construction is most often used, in which household appliances, a sink or a hob can be integrated. Most often the peninsula serves as a place for meals (if the apartment is inhabited by 1-2 people, then such a dining zone will not cause discomfort).
One-row layout is also applied in case the kitchen is part of a combined room (there is a dining room and a living room). The so-called “kitchen in the closet” can be represented only in this variant of the arrangement of storage systems and household appliances. The convenience of such a kitchen is that in the event of acceptance of guests, it is sufficient to close the doors of the cabinet and the room becomes a full-fledged living room. And it does not matter – whether there were dirty dishes in the sink or not disassembled products on the cutting surfaces.
L-shaped or angular
Angular layout is excellent for rooms square and rectangular (not very elongated) shape. This is the best option for placing the necessary number of kitchen utensils on a minimum number of square meters. In addition, it is not difficult to distribute the “working triangle” in this case. Corner layout leaves some space even in a small kitchen – it can be used to install a small dining table (preferably oval) or a console, only fastened to the wall to save space.
In the economy of every square centimeter, storage systems in the form of closed cupboards or open shelves are used in any accessible place. For example, the space around the window opening can be used with maximum efficiency.
It is equally important to arrange the most efficient storage in the furniture set itself. In modern stores, enough convenient and functional devices that help to distribute the storage of dishes, cutlery and various kitchen accessories. And the production of a furniture ensemble under an individual project (and for small kitchens that’s how it usually happens), and at all helps to create an ideally adapted storage system for your conditions.
If you do not need to place a dining group in the kitchen, but there is a need for a large number of storage systems and household appliances, then the U-shaped layout can be an ideal option. Organize a “working triangle”, i.e. to arrange ergonomically the refrigerator, a plate and a sink, will not make special work. In most cases, the U-shaped form of the upper tier of cabinets is interrupted by a window opening – this helps to avoid the accumulation of storage systems, which in a small kitchen can create a “slammed box effect”. If there are no windows in the room (and sometimes it is), then experts recommend using a combination of storage systems – alternating hanging cabinets with open shelves.
In case your kitchen has the shape of a rectangle and one of the short walls contains a doorway, and the second is a large window or a balcony block, the optimal layout for the kitchen set will be a parallel arrangement. Most often, such a layout does not leave room for a dining group. But, if the room is really long, and the storage systems need a little, then there will be room for a small lunch table.
Finishing in a small kitchen area
When choosing the finishing materials for the kitchen space, it is necessary to take into account the special microclimate of this multifunctional room:
- high humidity;
- temperature differences;
- possible mechanical damage (in particular, this applies to flooring);
- the possibility of cleaning surfaces (sometimes with the use of chemical cleaners).
If we talk about the features of the choice of finishes for small spaces, then to the listed technical characteristics it is necessary to add aesthetic – concise design, light colors and ease of operation. In other words, the finish in a small kitchen should be a light, practical and aesthetic background for a kitchen set that occupies most of the space.
For finishing the ceiling, it’s best to use the simplest solutions (especially if the room has a small height) – an ideally smooth, flat ceiling of white color will be an ideal option. Complexly structured pendant designs in several levels of small space simply can not stand visually.
For the decoration of walls it is better to choose single-color variants of non-woven wallpaper (they can be cleaned with a damp sponge), decorative plaster, wall panels or liquid wallpaper. To decorate the kitchen apron, ceramic tiles will be an ideal option. In matters of finishing small spaces, it is necessary to focus not so much on current trends as on common sense and personal comfort – the finishing material must retain its original presentable appearance even after several years of intensive use and purification.
In order not to visually “break” the walls of a small kitchen into strips, experts recommend using the kitchen apron finishing up to the ceiling. In some cases, this method helps maintain the integrity of the image – the weight depends on the selected layout of the headset, the ceiling height and the location of the window opening.
Ideal for the execution of flooring – the use of ceramic tiles. It is able to withstand the impact of falling objects, it is resistant to high humidity, temperature changes and purification by chemical means, does not burn out in the sun and it serves for many years. Floor tiles can imitate masonry or various types of wood, giving the modest interior of a small kitchen a touch of luxury.
Color solutions for walls and facades of kitchen cabinets
If the room is very tiny, then except for a light color palette for wall finishing and the execution of a kitchen set, you can hardly come up with something better.
Snow-white surfaces will help create not only a bright and clean, but also an easy image, which is important in the face of the risk of creating an effect of enclosed space. Dilute this snow-white idyll interspersed with household appliances – dark spots and glitter of stainless steel. And the color accent can be brought bright dishes.
The advantage of snow-white facades is that they can be built in from the ceiling and the resultant ensemble will not look cumbersome, monolithic. But the useful space of a small kitchen will be used as efficiently as possible. On the upper shelves you can put items of infrequent use.
In order to ensure that your small kitchen does not resemble a hospital ward, designers recommend “diluting” the snow-white (pastel tones) surfaces with wooden furniture and decoration elements. The warmth of the natural pattern of wood not only diversifies the light interior of the kitchen, but also brings much-needed comfort and comfort to the kitchen environment.
An even greater effect can be achieved if you “dilute” light surfaces with contrasting dark elements of the interior. This may be countertops made of dark wood, artificial or natural stone, edging of the kitchen apron, floor covering and even lighting fixtures.
To acceptable variants of color solutions of the facades of a kitchen set in a room of a small area, you can include light shades of gray, beige, blue, mint, pistachio, olive, turquoise and sand color. On a white background, even such pastel colors will stand out, look impressive. But at the same time, a pleasant shade of the eye will not become an obstacle in creating a light, bright and at the same time practical image of the kitchen space.
Lighting and decoration in a kitchen with small dimensions
The smaller the room, the more important is the role of the lighting system. In order to ensure your small kitchen with the maximum amount of sunlight, use not thick curtains, but thin curtains, a translucent veil for draping windows. Or completely abandon the textiles for window openings (you can only decorate with a lambrequin top). If the room is located on the south side of the building and sun protection is simply necessary, then it is better to use a laconic and attractive version of drapery – fabric roller blinds.
The sources of artificial light in a kitchen with a small area are given particular attention. Obviously, one central chandelier in the kitchen space is indispensable – you need spotlights or ribbon lighting work areas and places for meals. Fixtures can be built around the perimeter of the ceiling and under the hinged boxes. Instead of the built-in lighting on the ceiling, you can use one large chandelier (it all depends on the height of the ceiling) or a pair of small pendant lamps – above the working area and dining room.