Liquid wallpaper appeared on the market of construction finishing materials relatively recently, but already managed to gain popularity among people who want to place their homes in the original style.
A bit of history
Wallpaper, as a material for decorating walls, was invented by the Chinese and was first made from rice paper. Manufacturing technology for several centuries remained a mystery. Only by the 8th century the wallpaper became available to European masters. Drawings on them were applied manually, so these wallpapers were available only to very rich people. But as soon as the matrix for printing was invented, the production took on a mass character.
In the XVIII century there were silk wallpaper – a prototype of today’s liquid wallpaper. The paper substrate was primed and a wet surface was covered with finely chopped silk threads, resulting in a luxurious silk fabric. Some of the halls of the Louvre are decorated with such wallpaper.
So what is a liquid wallpaper?
Liquid wallpaper is a mixture of silk or cotton fibers, loose cellulose, high-quality dyes, colored quartz chips and glue composition. All components are natural, thanks to which the material is environmentally friendly. Liquid wallpaper in dry form is similar to flakes of different sizes and colors with different additives. In other countries, these wallpapers are called silk plaster.
The advantages of liquid wallpaper will satisfy the most demanding buyer:
- antistatic, do not attract dust;
- have masking and leveling properties;
- easily restored if damaged;
- have a high level of fire safety;
- they are easy to apply to walls: they do not require adjustment, they do not have joints, there is
- no need for additional calculations for “bypassing” windows and doors;
- are environmentally friendly;
- do not burn, do not absorb smells;
- have a warm and soundproof qualities;
- do not deform when shrinking in new homes;
- durable, can be used for 10 years;
- available on the price range.
Finally, they are simply beautiful and elegant, which allows you to create a non-standard design of your interior.
The drawback of wallpaper is only one – they are not moisture resistant, and in rooms with high humidity can lose shape. To avoid this, they are covered with a special colorless varnish, for example, “Roliver met”. The varnish must necessarily be vapor-permeable, so that the wall can “breathe”.
Preparation and preparation of liquid wallpaper
The surface must be leveled and primed before the wallpaper is applied. It is strictly forbidden to use the primer grade “ST-17”, because when interacting with liquid wallpaper on the walls there are yellow spots, the best is the primer “Alpina”. If there are metal elements on the wall, they are painted over with enamel or oil paint to avoid rust. The color of the walls before applying should be white so that the hue of the wallpaper is not distorted.
The mixture, which has the appearance of dry sawdust, is placed in a plastic container and poured into 100 ml of water, approximately 6 liters per package, the water temperature should be at least 30 degrees. You can not do the reverse, the mixture is poured into the water, kneading does not work. Mix the composition of the hands, to the density of sour cream, use all the packages at once, since the surface will have to be covered in one step for homogeneity of the shade of the material. The mixture is allowed to stand for 24 hours, after which it is ready for use.
Wallpaper application and care
The best option is to work manually with a paint roller or a plastic float. First, a layer of wallpaper is applied to the joints of the walls, then the material is thrown on the wall in small portions, and then – the mixture is leveled from corner to corner, while the tool is not torn from the surface so that seams do not form. The force of pressing the tool should not be very large, otherwise the material may be compressed. All work must be completed before the composition is seized. Dry the wallpaper after 2 – 3 days and during drying it is necessary to carefully ventilate the room so that moisture evaporates from the wallpaper, while the temperature in the room should not be below 10 degrees. After drying, the wallpaper will acquire a “real” color.
For liquid wallpaper, only dry cleaning is suitable. If they are varnished, you can use a damp cloth. If the wallpaper is dirty or spoiled, they gently moistened with water, remove with a spatula, re-kneaded and cover either the wall again, or only the spoiled part.
Liquid wallpapers are recommended for office premises, as well as for residential buildings. Thanks to a variety of shades, beautiful texture, simplicity