The garden paths in a country cottage, in a private plot or in the courtyard of a private house is not only an important element of landscape design, which is necessary for comfortable moving between the objects of the territory, but also a way of zoning and decorating. Proper positioning of the garden paths will allow you to spend as little time and effort to move between the elements of landscape design, and beautiful, practical and durable execution allow to decorate the yard or suburban area, to create a creative design to the envy of neighbors and pride guests of your urban or suburban home ownership with adjoining territory. Even in a small private patio walkway necessary for safe and comfortable travel between major and minor objects of the territory – the building of a country or town house, garage, garden furniture, outbuildings, a children’s corner and playground, swings, barbecue area, swimming pool or pond.
Requirements for garden paths
If we talk about physical parameters, the main requirement imposed on the paths of the adjacent territory and garden plot is the shortest distance from one object to another. But often this criterion runs counter to the aesthetics of the landscape design – the winding paths look beautiful, romantic and even mysterious, but they make a longer way than their counterparts with clear straight lines and turns.
Conditionally all tracks of the site are divided into basic and secondary. From the functional of the path, the requirement for the width of the track also depends – the main ones are usually made with parameters of 1-1.5 m, and the secondary can have a width of at least half a meter. But much depends on the fabrication track garden material – if in the course are standard workpiece sizes (bricks, concrete or stone slabs, “garden parquet”, or any other product with no varying sizes), the width of tracks formed by their number.
If we talk about the aesthetic qualities of the garden paths, then they should outwardly correspond to the general concept of decorating the yard or plot. If a natural stone participates in the decoration of the facade of a house or other buildings, the lining of plazas and a patio, then it is logical to use this material or its combination with other raw materials and for laying out tracks.
In addition to its main function – providing the ability to move freely between the objects of the local area and the division of the site into segments, or otherwise – zoning, the garden paths perform the role of decorative elements. With the help of the original choice of the material or the way of the performance of the dacha tracks, you can not only create an exclusive landscape design of your site, but also implement your creative abilities, design ideas.
Types of garden paths
By the type of material used, all tracks can be divided into the following groups:
- stone (in turn, are divided into those that are of the stone-platyoshka, pebbles, paving stones and other types);
- from a waste material (plastic covers, parts of glass bottles, plugs, etc.).
Material execution paths selected based on the design of the main building (façade), and other large-scale structures in the yard or on the site, the style of performance, size themselves trails and hosts features (stone path will require financial investments, and the path of the bottle caps – only time for collecting them ).
In addition to the material, the criterion for dividing tracks is the way they are executed – they are divided into solid and not solid. The name speaks for itself. The type of tracks will depend on their extent and purpose – whether the tracks perform a purely practical role or carry a decorative load.
Also, all the country and garden paths can be divided into two types – temporary and permanent. Most of the paths involved in landscape design are permanent. But in some cases there is a need for laying tracks, for example, only for the summer season. Finished tracks are usually made of rubber or plastic and are sold per square foot or blocks (sections, products) that are joined together in puzzle type.
Regardless of how long your tracks will be, what material will be made and in what way, any performance will require preparatory work. First of all, it is necessary to make a plan for the location of the tracks on the site. This can be done both on a regular sheet of paper, and in a special program, which can be found on the Internet easily. Designate on your plan all the elements of landscape design – not only the main buildings and sites, but also the arrangement of flower beds, beds, economic objects.
While laying the still drawn tracks from the main objects to the secondary ones, you will be able to optimize the arrangement of flowerbeds, beds and temporary plantations, in order to reduce the distance between objects or to connect some elements to zones. As the plan is drawn up, it becomes clear which segments can be joined by the leading path to them, and for which sections of the yard it is necessary to use ramifications or to pave the platforms. Only on paper it may seem that the rarely visited corner of the garden or the courtyard can do without a path – imagine your unwillingness to walk on the ground after the rain, and you will find the resources for making a narrow path, if not quite.
Next is the marking on the terrain. This stage should not be neglected in particular in cases where not only the length, but also the width of the tracks will be clearly regulated by the parameters of the material – slabs, bricks or any other standard billets. The easiest way to do the marking is to use pegs with a tight rope or cord. In order for the outlines of future paths to be more obvious, the boundaries can be delineated with lime.
The ideal option can be obtained if, together with the marking of the tracks, it turns out and places the marks about the planting of trees and bushes, plants that will frame these very paths. On the terrain, everything looks a little different than in the program or on a piece of paper. You can lay out the stones with the inscriptions of the names of trees and shrubs or designate them for the layout of future flowerbeds.
The pit for any path should be somewhat wider than the path itself laid out. To garden paths have served as long as possible, at the edges it is necessary to lay a curb of stones or concrete.
Basis for the garden path
Do not neglect this stage of the work, if you want the track you laid out to last for many years, and not start to crumble or grow grass after the first season of exploitation. Preparing the basis for garden droshkas, it is important to remember that they should have a slight bias for draining rainwater. The presence of a small drainage trench on the side of the slope of the trail will be an excellent aid for the whole landscape design of the yard or the site for rainy weather.
So, it is necessary to carry out the following manipulations to prepare the basis for the garden path:
- remove the top fertile layer from 2 to 20 cm (all depends on the quality of the soil, extension, tire and material for laying tracks);
- along the entire length of the walls of the pit, set wooden boards, pre-pouring under a bit of sand;
- if the width of the track is limited to concrete curbs, they are exposed by level and fixed with reinforcing bars (to prevent shifts), which are driven inside the excavation;
- if the soil on your site is very loose and the walls of the trench turned out to be uneven, you will have to drive the reinforcement pins and at the edges of the walls, and then install curbs;
- further to the bottom of the trench, gravel or crushed stone, pre-mixed with cement or sand (the thickness of the layer from 5 to 10 cm) is poured, leveled and tamped;
- for a more thorough ramming of the gravel layer, it is necessary to periodically wet it.
Example of design of a beautiful and practical garden path
Consider the option of arranging garden paths made of bricks, as the most accessible and easy-to-use material (in case you have the opportunity to use used brick instead of buying material).
A brick garden path is a long-lasting, durable and aesthetically pleasing surface, which even a homeowner can do independently without special skills and experience. The brick path is laid out on the same principle as the paving slab or pavers. To ensure that the trail has served as long as possible, choose a quality clinker brick and carry out all work with a high level of accuracy.
So, it is necessary to pass the following algorithm of actions:
- the prepared substrate with a compacted top layer of sand must be carefully leveled by a rule (homemade device made of a board with an ideally equal surface);
- then follows the installation of side bricks (relative to the width of the track), they are mounted with an edge and are driven into the sand by half their width with a rubber hammer;
- if your path does not have a curb, then the side bricks must be sealed with a solution (use formwork, after removing which you need to arrange padding with rubble, compact it at the end of this work item);
- further, the drawing of the track from the bricks is directly laid out (it can be put by the edge or placed in a width);
- usually, to create the most rigid and sturdy masonry, one row of bricks is laid along the path, and the second – across. Also, to increase the strength of the masonry, use cement-based street cement (it will help not only to cement the bricks between themselves, but also to prevent the germination of the grass through the products).
- solution is required a little, because It is necessary that it does not protrude on the surface between the bricks, but is located inside the masonry;
- after the completion of the installation of bricks, the gaps between them are filled with sand using a large brush;
- in order to brighten the resulting brickwork and extend its service life, the surface must be covered with a penetrating primer, and after it is completely dried, varnish for outdoor stone.
And finally: some original ideas
In modern projects of landscape design for areas of various shapes and sizes, styles of decoration, you can often find garden paths laid out in the manner of steppingstones. You seem to move along the elements of the path in the form of separate plates, flat stones or logs that arise directly from the lawn or loose material of the base of the path. A beautiful, modern and functional track is easy to make by yourself, if you use the so-called “steps” of concrete of various shapes.
In this case, the combination of material is original. For example, clear edges and sharp corners of concrete square or rectangular slabs or stone-plaster on the background of rounded forms of river stone – pebbles. Together, these two types of materials provide an organic and attractive alliance for creating creative, yet practical surfaces.
And the “steps” of wooden slabs look sumptuous on fine decorative gravel of snow-white shades. Against the background of bright green lawns, such tracks will look especially impressive …
Wooden garden paths are not that rare. Only recently, for modern projects of landscape design, the so-called “garden parquet” is increasingly being used. The material is a standard size of the workpiece, which is very easy to join together to create not only a durable and wear-resistant, but also an incredibly beautiful coating. “Garden parquet” is used not only to create tracks, but also spread on open verandas, platforms, terraces and patio or barbecue areas. The tree in such products is treated in a special way – it is not affected by the usual “natural stimuli” – moisture, temperature changes, direct sunlight.
Laying out drawings from a circular river stone (mainly Altaic blue) allows you to create uneasy original tracks, but to bring the beauty of the creative process to the design of your yard or suburban area. Round river stones of different sizes from very light gray-blue to dark, like anthracite, can be laid out in bizarre abstract patterns or quite clear in the geometry of prints. Creating such a track will require not only financial, but also time costs, incredible accuracy and a lot of free time. But all efforts will be more than offset by the incredible aesthetics of the paths, their uniqueness.
No less in originality, the effect can be achieved when laying out the pattern from the remnants of ceramic granite tiles (products for flooring, street use). The advantage of this method is not only in the originality of the result and the freedom of flight of your imagination, but also in saving the family budget, because the remains are not easy to use, but the fragments of tiles of different shapes, sizes and colors.
A track created solely with bulk gravel may not surprise your guests or neighbors, but will help save the family budget. Only it is important to establish strong, solid curbs that will hold the small fractions of the stone inside the trench.